Master Bibliography
Master Bibliography Sources

This master bibliographical list is provided for convenience and generally combines the sources used for writing the biographies contained in this site. By no means is this an exhaustive list, but it does give a good starting point to get more information. This is a working list and more references will be added over time as needed.

We do not attest to any validity or security of any of these websites! Use your own judgement as to whether or not you want to use them.

Updated: July 29, 2019

Click to download this list.

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Colorado Newspapers

Colorado newspaper search: www.coloradohistoricnewspapers.org

Lake County
  • Carbonate Chronicle (Leadville, Lake County, Colorado)
  • Herald Democrat (Leadville, Lake County, Colorado)
  • Leadville Daily Herald (Leadville, Lake County, Colorado)
  • Leadville Daily/Evening Chronicle (Leadville, Lake County, Colorado)
  • Leadville Democrat (Leadville, Lake County, Colorado)
  • Leadville Weekly Herald [also Leadville Herald] (Leadville, Lake County, Colorado)
  • Twin Lakes Miner (Twin Lakes, Lake County, Colorado)
Other Areas in Colorado (There are many others not listed here)
  • Chaffee County Republican (Buena Vista, Chaffee County, Colorado)
  • Colorado Miner (Clear Creek county, Colorado)
  • Aspen Democrat-Times (Aspen, Pitkin County, Colorado)
  • Colorado Daily/Weekly Chieftain (Pueblo, Colorado)
  • Aspen Daily Times (Aspen, Colorado)
  • Avalanche Echo (Glenwood Springs, Colorado)
  • Wet Mountain Tribune (Westcliffe, Custer County, Colorado)
Other Newspapers
  • National Digital Newspaper Program, www.loc.gov/ndnp
  • Newspaper archives from other states, as needed (varies to specific surnames)
United States Census Records
  • 1860 United States census
  • 1870 United States census
  • 1880 United States census (Lake County, Colorado, Leadville)
  • 1885 United States census
  • 1890 (burned in a fire – not available)
  • 1900 United States census (Lake County, Colorado, Leadville)
  • 1910 United States census (Lake County, Colorado, Leadville)
  • 1920 United States census
  • 1930 United States census (Lake County, Colorado, Leadville)
  • 1940 United States census
Grave & Death Sources
Lake County Cemeteries
  • Lake County Public Library Cemetery Records https://lakecountypubliclibrary.org/localhistory/cemeteryrecords
  • Old Leadville Cemetery - Original Leadville Cemetery -- 1877-1879 (PDF)
  • Hebrew Cemetery (Evergreen Cemetery), Leadville, Colorado - Evergreen Cemetery -- 1879-1999? (PDF)
  • St. Joseph's Cemetery - Catholic Cemetery -- 1888-1981? (PDF)
  • Mount Holy Cross Cemetery - Catholic Cemetery -- 1919-Present (no download)
Lake County Birth and Death Certificates
  • Visit in person to the Lake County Public Library or to the Lake County Courthouse
Find A Grave, Inc.,
Governmental Records
Geneology
Books
  • Allen Breck, The Centennial History of the Jews of Colorado, 1859-1959. Denver: The Hirschfeld Press, 1960.
  • Gretchen Scanlon, A History of Leadville Theater: Opera Houses, Variety Acts and Burlesque Shows. Charleston: The History Press, 2012.
  • Blair, Edward. Leadville: Colorado's Magic City.
  • Rochlin, Harriet and Fred. Pioneer Jews: A New Life in the Far West. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1984.
  • Kahn, Ava F., Editor. Jewish Life in the American West. Seattle: U of Washington Press, 2002.
  • Uchill, Ida Libert. Pioneers, Peddlers, and Tsadikim. Denver: Sage Books, 1957.
  • Rocky Mountain Jewish Historical Society. A Colorado Jewish Family Album: 1859-1992. Denver: U of Denver, 1992.
  • Goodstein, Phil. Exploring Jewish Colorado. Denver: Rocky Mountain Jewish Historical Society, U of Denver, 1992.
  • Rischin, Moses and John Livingston, editors. Jews of the American West. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1991.
  • Abrams, Jeanne E. Images of America: Jewish Denver 1859-1940. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2007.
  • Also refer to other books in the museum library.
Leadville City Directories

Leadville city directories started in 1879 and continued through to 1918. No directories were made for years 1893 or 1896.
https://lakecountypubliclibrary.org/localhistory/citydirectories

  • Corbett, TB, Hoye, WC and Ballanger, JH. “Corbet, Hoye and Co’s First Annual City Directory: Containing A Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms Etc. In The City Of Leadville For 1880”. Democrat Printing Company; Leadville, CO: USA. 1880.
  • Corbett, TB and Ballenger, JH “Corbet, and Ballenger’s Second Annual City Directory: Containing A Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms Etc. In The City Of Leadville For 1881”. Corbet and Ballenger Publishers. 1881.
  • Corbett, TB and Ballanger, JH. “Corbet, and Ballenger’s Third Annual City Directory: Containing A Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms Etc. In The City Of Leadville For 1882”. Corbet and Ballenger Publishers. 1882.
  • Corbett, TB and Balanger, JH. “Corbet, and Ballenger’s Fourth Annual City Directory: Containing A Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms Etc. In The City Of Leadville For 1883”. Corbet and Ballenger Publishers. 1883.
  • Corbett, TB and Ballanger, JH. “Corbet, and Ballenger’s Sixth Annual City Directory: Containing A Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms Etc. In The City Of Leadville For 1885”. Corbet and Ballenger Publishers. 1885.
  • Corbett, TB and Ballenger, JH. “Corbet, and Ballenger’s Seventh Annual City Directory: Containing A Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms Etc. In The City Of Leadville For 1886”. Corbet and Ballenger Publishers. 1886.
  • Corbett, TB and Ballenger, JH. Corbet, and Ballenger’s Eighth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City Of Leadville For 1887. Leadville, CO: Corbet and Ballenger Publishers. 1887.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. “Ballenger & Richard’s Ninth Annual City Directory: Containing A Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms Etc. In The City Of Leadville For 1888”. Corbet and Ballenger and Richards Publishers. 1888.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. “Ballenger & Richard’s Tenth Annual City Directory: Containing A Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms Etc. In The City Of Leadville For 1889”. Corbet and Ballenger and Richards Publishers. 1889.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Eleventh Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1890. Leadville, CO: Corbet and Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1890.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twelfth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1891. Leadville, CO: Corbet and Ballenger and Richards Publishers. 1891.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. “Ballenger & Richard’s Thirteenth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1892”. Leadville, CO: Corbet and Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1892.
  • No directory made for Leadville in 1893.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Fifteenth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1894”. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers. 1894.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Sixteenth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1895. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers. 1895.
  • No directory made for Leadville in 1896.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Eigteenth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1897. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers. 1897.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Nineteenth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1898. Leadville, CO: Corbet and Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1898.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twentieth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1899. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1899.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twenty-First Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1900. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers. 1900.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twenty-Second Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1901. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers. 1901.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twenty-Third Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1902. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers. Leadville, CO; USA. 1902.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twenty-Fourth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1903. Corbet and Ballenger and Richards Publishers. Leadville, CO; USA. 1903.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twenty-Fifth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1904. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1904.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twenty-Sixth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1905. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1905.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twenty-Seventh Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1906. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1906.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twenty-Eighth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1907. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers. 1907.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twenty-Ninth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1908. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1908.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Thirtieth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1909. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1909.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Thirty-First Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1910. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1910.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Thirty-Second Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1911. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1911.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Thirty-Third Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1912. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1912.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Thirty-Fourth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1913. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers. 1913.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Thirty-Fifth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1914. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1914.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Thirty-Sixth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1915. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1915.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Thirty-Seventh Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1916. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1916.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Thirty-Eighth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1917. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1917.
  • Ballenger, JH and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Thirty-Ninth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1918. Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1918.
  • After 1918, Leadville changed over to phone books. Not everyone had a phone, so phone book records are not as extensive as the city directories were.

Temple Israel Foundation
208 West 8th Street
Leadville, Colorado 80461
303.709.7050

Temple Israel Museum
201 West 4th Street
Leadville, Colorado 80461
Wm.A.Korn@gmail.com

Hebrew Cemetery
SW Corner of Evergreen Cemetery
North end of James Street, Leadville
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