Biography
Arnstein
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Samuel Arnstein [1]
Born: November 4, 1862
Died: February 14, 1924
Married to: Matilda Arnstein (née Raunheim)
In Leadville: 1880

Samuel Arnstein was a native of New York who made a brief appearance in the frontier city of Leadville during the summer of 1880. The sole evidence of his presence in the Carbonate city was an entry in the 1880 United States Federal census, in which an enumerator recorded his residence as 109 West Chestnut Street. He lived at the location with another young man of documented Jewish heritage; 20-year-old Louis Posnanski. Louis was one of three brothers who owned and operated a clothing store and saloon on the northwest corner of State and Harrison that same year. [2] Because his birthday was in November of 1862 and the census was taken in June 1880, Samuel was 17 at the time of his residence in Leadville. [3]

The structure where Samuel made his home was a single-story wood frame store with a grocery business in front and several dwelling rooms in the rear (front pictured here). In addition to Louis and Samuel- who were documented as one “household” within 109 West Chestnut- 4 other young men shared separate quarters in the rear of the building. [4] Most commercial structures functioned as both residence and business during Leadville’s early years. Interestingly, in many cases such as this one, residents were not involved or associated with the business where they lived.

Prior to arriving in Leadville, Samuel was a resident, as well as native of Manhattan. According to the 1870 United States census, he and his sizable family were residents of “2nd Avenue betn 42nd and 43rd Streets”. [5] Both his parents were German immigrants; in many ways likely typical of the sizable German-Jewish cohort who relocated from the German principalities to the United States in the mid-19th century. While no newspaper records mention Samuel during his summer in Leadville, and he was not documented in the city directory of 1880, he was enumerated as a “cigar merchant” by the 1880 census taker; as was his roommate Louis Posnanski. Interestingly, the city directory listed Louis as a barkeeper at the Posnanski brother’s saloon at 205 Harrison Avenue. It is likely that in addition to working as a barkeeper, Louis- and perhaps Samuel- sold cigars either independently, or as part of their duties at the Posnanski saloon. [6] Like Samuel, the Posnanski brothers were natives of Manhattan, and their connection likely was a result of familial ties in that city. It is probable that this is the reason Samuel came to live and work in Leadville.

Beyond these small tantalizing glimpses into Samuel’s brief time in Leadville, further evidence of his movements, lifestyle or other details in the city are not available. Samuel returned to New York shortly after his foray in Leadville during the summer of 1880. He spent his remaining life in New York and passed away in Manhattan in 1924. [7]

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Samuel lived with Louis Posnanski in the back of this grocery store during the summer of 1880.

Photo by L. K. Oldroyd. Courtesy Denver Public Library Western History Collection.

1 "New York, New York City Municipal Deaths, 1795-1949", database, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2WBQ-CCC : 3 June 2020), Samuel Arnstein, 1924.
2 For more information on the Posnanski family, see http://jewishleadville.org/poznanski.html
3 United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MFDJ-9HW : 19 August 2017), S Arnstein in household of Louis Poznauski, Leadville, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district ED 73, sheet 317B, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington,
4 "United States Census, 1880; D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), FHL microfilm 1,254,091.
5 "United States Census, 1870," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6QPQ-R6R?cc=1438024&wc=92K3-PTL%3A518819101%2C518819102%2C519903601 : 14 June 2019), New York > New York > New York City, ward 19 > image 4152 of 4371; citing NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
6 1880 Leadville City Directory p. 297
7 New York, New York City Municipal Deaths, 1795-1949

Bibliography

Corbett, TB, Hoye, WC and Ballanger, JH. “Corbet, Hoye and Co’s Second-Fifth Annual City Directory: Containing A Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms Etc. In The City Of Leadville For 1880-1883”. Democrat Printing Company; Leadville, CO: USA. 1880

"New York, New York City Municipal Deaths, 1795-1949", database, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2WBQ-CCC : 3 June 2020), Samuel Arnstein, 1924.

"United States Census, 1870," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6QPQ-R6R?cc=1438024&wc=92K3-PTL%3A518819101%2C518819102%2C519903601 : 14 June 2019), New York > New York > New York City, ward 19 > image 4152 of 4371; citing NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

"United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MFDJ-9HW : 19 August 2017), S Arnstein in household of Louis Poznauski, Leadville, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district ED 73, sheet 317B, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), FHL microfilm 1,254,091.

Oldroyd, L. K., “Leadville, Colorado, Chestnut St.” Western History Collection, Denver Public Library, Denver, Colorado https://digital.denverlibrary.org/digital/collection/p15330coll22/id/831/rec/919

To cite any of the information in this biography, please use the following reference.

AUTHOR: Trevor Mark
EDITOR: William Korn
SOURCE: Jewish Surnames/Arnstein
PUBLISHED BY: Temple Israel Foundation. Leadville CO; USA. 2020
STABLE URL: http://www.jewishleadville.org/Arnstein.html

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