Biography
Cooperman
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Abraham (“Abram” “Abe”) Cooperman
Occupation: Tailor
Born: April 1858
Birthplace: Austria
Died: 23 September 1902

Fannie (“Fanny”) Jeffries Cooperman
Occupation: Tailor, boarding house owner
Born: June 1866
Birthplace: Austria
Died: 12 February 1939

Maurice (“Morris”) Cooperman
Occupation: Cook
Born: December 1885
Birthplace: New York
Died:

Orpha Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: est. 1894
Birthplace: Iowa
Died:

Edna Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: est. 1910
Birthplace: Iowa
Died:

Harold Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: est. 1911
Birthplace: Iowa
Died:

Lewis Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: est. 1915
Birthplace: Colorado
Died:

Louis Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: est. 1915
Birthplace: Colorado
Died:

Ralph Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: est. 1920
Birthplace: Illinois
Died:

David Cooperman
Occupation: Grocery store owner
Born: June 1886
Birthplace: New York
Died:

Stella Peterson Cooperman
Occupation:
Born:
Birthplace:
Died:

Leonard Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: 1-5 November 1913
Birthplace: Leadville
Died: 18-19 January 1914

Elizabeth F. Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: est. 1916
Birthplace: Colorado
Died:

Samuel Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: June 1889
Birthplace: Colorado
Died:

Leonard Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: June 1892
Birthplace: Colorado
Died:

Nellie Peterson Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: 1898
Birthplace: Colorado
Died:

David S. Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: est. 1916
Birthplace: Colorado
Died:

Nettie Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: November 1894
Birthplace: Colorado
Died:

Infant Cooperman
Occupation:
Born: 27 October 1899
Birthplace: Colorado
Died: 27 October 1899

Throughout their roughly thirty-year residence in Leadville, the Cooperman family took on a diverse range of jobs and positions from tailors and landlords to mine workers and grocery store owners. The Coopermans’ life in town exemplified many of the difficulties that came with living in a frontier city, yet three generations of the family successfully called Leadville home from their move in the late 1880s to their final departure in the mid-1920s.

Abraham Cooperman was born in Austria in April 1858 and immigrated to the US in 1882, first settling in New York. [1] Fannie Cooperman was born in Austria in June 1866 and also immigrated to New York in 1882 where she married Abraham in 1883. [2] It is unclear whether Abraham and Fannie knew each other prior to their arrival in the US. They had two sons while living in New York: Maurice (often spelled Morris) was born in December 1885 and David was born in June 1886. [3]

The Cooperman family likely arrived in Leadville between 1886 and 1888, though the city directory did not list Abraham until 1889. [4] He quickly started a tailoring business and began advertising heavily in local newspapers the following year. [5] He and Fannie settled their family in at 111 East 5th Street where Abraham also had his business, however the Coopermans never stayed in one residence for too long during their time in Leadville. [6] Finalizing the end of the decade, the Coopermans welcomed their third son, Samuel, in June 1889. [7]

The Cooperman family at their home in 1889.

The Cooperman family at their home in 1889. From left to right: Fannie, David, Abraham, and Maurice.

Cooperman Family Photo. Leadville, Colorado: Wing’s Gallery. Temple Israel Foundation. 2019.

The 1890s were a time of both happiness and some misfortune for the Coopermans, starting with the birth of Abraham and Fannie’s fourth son, Leonard, in June 1892. [8] In late October 1892, the family had their first of many run-ins with fires while in Leadville when a blaze originating from a lodging house at 136 East 5th Street spread to Abraham’s tailoring shop, resulting in an estimated $300 worth of damage to his business. [9] The city directory for 1892 also showed Abraham moved his business to 105 East 6th Street, likely a result of the damage caused by the fire. [10] Having barely had time to recuperate from the first fire, a second tore through the Foarnley Building at the corner of 6th Street and Harrison Avenue where Abraham had relocated, resulting in an additional $400 in damages to his uninsured property. [11] He finally relocated to 111 East 4th Street in 1894 and 112 West 4th Street in 1897 where the family’s spate of bad luck seemed to subside. [12] Soon after, in November 1894, the Coopermans had their first daughter, Nettie. [13]

Business card advertisement

Business card advertisement: “Abe Cooperman, Merchant Tailor, Clothes cleaned and repaired. Makes a specialty of dyeing clothes. 111 East Fifth Street.”

“Leadville Business Houses”. The [Leadville] Evening Chronicle. July 12, 1890. Page 4.

The remaining decade resulted in little-to-no changes in the family’s life with Abraham maintaining his tailoring business, Fannie coming into her own as a landlord, and Maurice coming of age to start working. [14] Tragedy struck the family, however, when Fannie’s sixth pregnancy resulted in a stillborn birth on October 27, 1899. [15] The family buried the unnamed infant at Leadville’s Hebrew Cemetery.

Life would change immensely for the Coopermans in the early 1900s, compounded by a sudden shift in the family’s life. Prior to that change, however, Fannie started to connect with local fraternal organizations like the Union Fraternal League where she volunteered as a secretary and the Ladies of the Maccabees (not a Jewish entity) where she was elected for the officer position of Lady Picket. In late-February of 1900, the Cooperman’s came into the spotlight of the local newspapers when a “mystery” occurred at the boarding house run by Fannie. [17] A woman, later identified by the Carbonate Chronicle as Alice Broome, requested a room. Fannie noted that she was pregnant and the woman told her that her husband was caring for her. About a week after giving her the room Fannie checked on the woman after hearing “sounds indicating that someone was suffering”, only to find that the woman had given birth without a physician present and that the baby was dead. [18] The Coopermans had little to do with the case beyond Fannie’s discovery, although investigators quickly determined the baby’s death to have been the result of foul play likely on the part of the father, Edward Janes. The Coopermans received somewhat of a reprieve from the unfortunate event over the proceeding year-and-a-half. David began working as a clerk at W. H. Nash in 1901 and Maurice became a messenger for the Postal Telegraph-Cable Company in 1902. [19]

Disaster came upon the Coopermans on September 23, 1902 with the death of Abraham who had become ill between six and eight weeks prior with acute meningitis. [20] His surviving family had him interred at Leadville’s Hebrew Cemetery where he was buried next to his and Fannie’s unnamed infant. [21] Unable to grieve peacefully, the Coopermans had to contend with Union Moderns, a fraternal organization through which Abraham had taken out a life insurance policy of $1000 six months earlier. Despite passing his medical examination, Union Moderns cancelled Abraham’s policy when he became sick. Fannie fought for the insurance money throughout the following year, culminating with her winning a court case against the fraternal organization on November 13, 1903; however, Union Moderns successfully petitioned to have the case reopened due to “irregularities and errors in the former trial.” [22] The final outcome of the case is not known.

Abraham’s death hit the family hard, both emotionally and financially. Fannie opted to continue Abraham’s tailoring business at the same location, 112 West 4th Street, advertising her intentions in local newspapers. [23] Along with her boarding business, the tailoring shop was likely her only means available to supporting her children with Maurice being an apprentice at Miner Publishing Company and David having no trade listed in the 1903 city directory. [24] Fannie’s financial straits culminated in a benefit ball held on October 16, 1902 by the Woman’s Relief Corps (W. R. C.) to raise money for her and her family. [25] The W. R. C. posted an announcement in The Herald Democrat on October 12 stating the purpose of the ball, noting Fannie’s membership in numerous fraternal organization and lodges in Leadville, and requesting that other members purchase tickets to help her. [26] The event failed to raise sufficient funds, however, and Fannie unceremoniously turned down the money, claiming that “it was not enough to help her in any way.” [27] Lists of delinquent taxes for 1902 and 1904 published in The Herald Democrat seemed to corroborate a claim by Fannie that she was destitute as she was unable to pay taxes on the same unnamed property in both years. [28]

Likely due to her financial difficulties, Fannie quickly remarried on March 26 1903 to Philip Jeffries, a Russian immigrant and grocery store owner who had recently moved to Leadville. [29] Philip moved into the family’s home at 112 West 4th Street by 1904. [30] He brought much-needed financial stability to the Coopermans while also providing jobs to Fannie’s sons, David and Samuel. [31] Maurice, having developed an interest in serving in the military, passed his examinations to join the US Navy in January 1905 and left a few weeks after for Mare Island near San Francisco to begin training as an apprentice seaman. [32] Five months later, news came that Maurice had set out on a cruise for Panama and Honolulu. [33]

The latter half of 1900 was seemingly uneventful for the Coopermans as their hectic life after Abraham’s death calmed. Like his father and mother, David began joining fraternal organizations, clubs, and lodges such as the Socialists in 1903, the local H. P. S. (only listed as such) in 1906, and Modern Woodmen of America by 1908. [34] Some excitement happened on August 20, 1908, when David, accompanied by Nettie, was making grocery delivery for Philip to Granite, Colorado, via horse-drawn wagon. [35] While making a delivery, David’s horses started at an incoming freight train and ran onto the tracks only to be pulverized. Nettie and a friend of hers were still on the wagon, which was luckily clear of the tracks.

By the 1910s, Fannie and Abraham’s children started reaching the ages where they began starting families of their own. Though the exact date is unknown, Maurice appeared to be the first to marry joining with a woman named Orpha from Iowa. [36] Per the 1920 US Census, Maurice apparently moved to Iowa sometime after joining the Navy. [37] While there he and Orpha had their first children, a daughter named Edna born in 1910 and a son named Harold in 1911. [38]

Nettie Cooperman was born in Leadville in 1894 and grew up in the Cloud City.

Nettie Cooperman was born in Leadville in 1894 and grew up in the Cloud City.

Nettie Cooperman. (Leadville, Colorado: Temple Israel Foundation). 2019.

David married Stella Peterson on November 6, 1912 with the ceremony conducted by Judge Charles Cavender at 1119 Poplar Street. [39] The two newlyweds then left on their honeymoon for Denver where they started a tour of the state before returning to Leadville and moving into a new home at 216 West 4th Street. [40] Their first child, Leonard, was born sometime between November 1 and 5 though he tragically passed away two-and-a-half months later between January 18 and 19 and was buried at Leadville’s Hebrew Cemetery. [41] Finally, Leonard married Stella Peterson’s sister, Nellie Peterson, sometime prior to July 28, 1914, when they went on their honeymoon. [42]

While the Cooperman sons were marrying in quick succession, Fannie was having difficulties with her marriage to Philip. A Carbonate Chronicle article announced a divorce between the two in late-October 1913 with Fannie claiming that Philip subjected her to “extreme and repeated acts of cruelty” and “the infliction of mental suffering.” [43] Philip posted a notice in The Herald Democrat two weeks later, stating that he “will not be responsible for any debts contracted by Mrs. Cooperman or any of the Coopermans.” [44] Philip left Leadville soon after the divorce and David opened a new grocery store, Cooperman’s Market, at two locations: one at corner of 4th Street and Poplar Street where Philip had once done business and another at what was once Abraham’s tailoring shop at 112 West 4th Street. [45]

A wagon in front of the Cooperman Market sometime between 1912 and 1914 at 112 West 4th Street.

A wagon in front of the Cooperman Market sometime between 1912 and 1914 at 112 West 4th Street.

Cooperman Market. (Leadville, Colorado: Temple Israel Foundation.) 2019.

The interior of Cooperman’s Market, circa 1915.

The interior of Cooperman’s Market, circa 1915. From left to right: David, Fannie, and Nettie Cooperman. The man behind the counter (far right) is believed to be Phillip Jeffries.

Cooperman Market Interior. (Leadville, Colorado: Temple Israel Foundation). 2019.

Maurice returned to Leadville with his wife and two children around the time of the divorce working as a cook and living at 210 West 4th Street. Over the proceeding few years, all of the married Coopermans welcomed new children to the family: Maurice and Orpha had a son and daughter named Lewis and Louise respectively in 1915 (perhaps twins); David and Stella had a daughter, Elizabeth F., in 1916; Leonard and Nellie had a son, David S., in 1916 as well. [46] Fannie finally settled into her final residence in Leadville at 218 West 4th Street while Leonard briefly moved to 140 West 4th Street with his family. [47] Unable to escape the threat of fire with their numerous moves, Fannie’s new home at 218 West 4th Street caught fire in July 1915, but, due to quick thinking on her part, only minor damage occurred to the roof. [48] By the end of 1915, Fannie transferred the family’s long-held property at 112 West 4th Street, once Abraham’s tailoring shop and later one of David’s grocery stores, to Timothy D. Loomer. [49]

The Cooperman’s time in Leadville started to wane in the latter half of the decade beginning with David and his family leaving for Salt Lake City sometime prior to 1916. [50] Samuel and Leonard both joined the draft once the US entered World War I as shown in Leadville newspaper honor rolls. [51] Samuel was enlisted into the army and shipped out in mid-August, just a few months before the end of the war. [52] Nettie, on the other hand, married Walter L. Wilson on January 1, 1918, at the Cooperman home at 218 West 4th Street and soon after moved to Grand Junction. [53]

A Cooperman Family photograph taken in Leadville in 1916.

A Cooperman Family photograph taken in Leadville in 1916. From left to right: David (infant), Leonard, Samuel, Maurice, Elizabeth (infant), David. Front row: Nellie, Stella, and Nettie.

Cooperman 1916. (Leadville, Colorado: Temple Israel Foundation). 2019.

Both David (left) and Leonard (right) Cooperman grew up in Leadville.

Both David (left) and Leonard (right) Cooperman grew up in Leadville.

David and Leonard Cooperman. (Leadville, Colorado: Temple Israel Foundation). 2019.

Leonard started working at the Yak Mine by the end of the decade and briefly lived at 916 Poplar Street with his family before moving them into 218 West 4th Street with Fannie. [54] David visited from Salt Lake City in August 1918, however an accusation of grand larceny totaling nearly $3000 by his employer, the Auerbach Company, cut his visit short. [55] He was arrested after his return though there was no further word on the event in Leadville’s newspapers. By the 1920 US Census, David had moved with his family to Seattle, Washington. [56] Samuel was also arrested in Salt Lake City for neglecting to carry his draft classification card, though he quickly got out and moved in with Fannie, Leonard, and Nellie at 218 West 4th Street. [57]

1920 was the final year when local newspapers made mention of the Coopermans. A Herald Democrat notice published on January 1 reported that Samuel had received severe facial burns after an acetylene gas explosion at the Yak Mine in June of the previous year. [58] Ironically, the final mention of the Coopermans was of another fire occurring at their old store at West 4th Street. [59]

Kenneth Wilson, son of Nettie and Walter Wilson and grandson to Abraham and Fannie Cooperman, stated that Leonard, Nellie, and David S. moved to Seattle early in 1921 with Samuel shortly following them. [60] David, Stella, Leonard, and Nellie were all still living in Seattle by the 1940 US Census, the last publicly available census. [61] Nettie remained in Grand Junction, Colorado and had four children. [62] Maurice and Samuel do not appear in the 1930 or 1940 census records. According to Kenneth Wilson, David briefly returned to Leadville around 1925 to help Fannie move to Seattle where she died on February 12, 1939. [63]


1 "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MQM8-T28), Abram Cooperman, Precinct 4-5, 11 Leadville city Ward 2, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 46, sheet 13B, family 258, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,125.
2 "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MQM8-T2D), Fanny Cooperman in household of Abram Cooperman, Precinct 4-5, 11 Leadville city Ward 2, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 46, sheet 13B, family 258, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,125.
3 "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MQM8-T26), Maurice Cooperman in household of Abram Cooperman, Precinct 4-5, 11 Leadville city Ward 2, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 46, sheet 13B, family 258, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,125; "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MQM8-T2X), David Cooperman in household of Abram Cooperman, Precinct 4-5, 11 Leadville city Ward 2, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 46, sheet 13B, family 258, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,125.
4 “Over His Insurance,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) September 25, 1902: 8; John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Tenth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. in the City of Leadville for 1889 (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1889): pp. 96.
5 “Business Houses!,” Leadville Evening Chronicle (Leadville, CO) July 3, 1890: 4.
6 John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Tenth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. in the City of Leadville for 1889 (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1889): pp. 96.
7 "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MQM8-T2F), Samuel Cooperman in household of Abram Cooperman, Precinct 4-5, 11 Leadville city Ward 2, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 46, sheet 13B, family 258, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,125.
8 "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MQM8-T2N), Leonard Cooperman in household of Abram Cooperman, Precinct 4-5, 11 Leadville city Ward 2, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 46, sheet 13B, family 258, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,125.
9 “A Fifth Street Blaze,” Leadville Evening Chronicle (Leadville, CO) October 29, 1892: 2.
10 John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Thirteenth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. in the City of Leadville for 1892 (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1892): pp. 96.
11 “It Was a Serious Fire,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) April 12, 1893: 5.
12 John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Fourteenth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. in the City of Leadville for 1894 (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1894): pp. 94; John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Sixteenth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. in the City of Leadville for 1897 (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1897): pp. 102.
13 "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MQM8-T2J), Nettie Cooperman in household of Abram Cooperman, Precinct 4-5, 11 Leadville city Ward 2, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 46, sheet 13B, family 258, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,125.
14 “Perko vs. Cooperman,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) February 21, 1897: 6; John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Sixteenth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. in the City of Leadville for 1897 (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1897): pp. 102.
15 “Infant Cooperman,” Hebrew Cemetery (Leadville, Colorado) http://www.jewishleadville.org/tombstonedetails.php?PersonID=1024.
16 “U.F.L.,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) January 28, 1900: 12.
17 “Bad Enough for a New York Play,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) February 28, 1900: 7.
18 Two Inhumans and a Girl,” Carbonate Chronicle (Leadville, CO) March 5, 1900: 5.
19 John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Twentieth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1901): pp. 117; John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Twenty-First Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1902): pp. 115.
20 “Over His Insurance,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) September 25, 1902: 8.
21 “Abraham Cooperman,” Hebrew Cemetery (Leadville, Colorado) http://www.jewishleadville.org/tombstonedetails.php?PersonID=1023.
22 “A Widow Won Her Insurance,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) November 14, 1903: 5; “Contest is Continued,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) December 13, 1903: 2.
23 “Continues Business,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) October 10, 1902: 8.
24 “Around the City,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) October 16, 1902: 5; John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Twenty-Second Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1903): pp. 110.
25 “W. R. C. Benefit Ball,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) October 12, 1902: 8.
26 “W. R. C. Benefit Ball,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) October 12, 1902: 8.
27 “Notice to the Public,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) November 2, 1902: 8.
28 “List of Delinquent Taxes for the Year of 1902,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) September 14, 1903: 10; “List of Delinquent Taxes for the Year 1904,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) September 25, 1905: 8.
29 Marriage License for Fannie Copeman and Phillip A. Jeffryes, 26 March 1903, Summit County, Colorado. Via the Colorado Department of Personnel Administration archival database, https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search; “A Widow Won Her Insurance,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) November 14, 1903: 5; Matt Hulstine, “Jeffries Biography,” jewishleadville.org, http://www.jewishleadville.org/jeffries.html (accessed June 14, 2019).
30 “Divorce Granted,” Carbonate Chronicle (Leadville, CO) October 27, 1913: 2; John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Twenty-Third Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1904): pp. 109.
31 John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Twenty-Fifth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1906): pp. 112; John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Twenty-Sixth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1908): pp. 104.
32 “Naval Recruits,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) January 6, 1905: 6.
33 “Around the City,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) June 28, 1905: 6.
34 “Society,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) February 15, 1903: 10; “Society,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) December 30, 1906: 10; “Modern Woodmen of America Preparing for Big Rally,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) April 19, 1908 Edition 2: 7.
35 “Train Hits Wagon; Two Horses Dead,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) August 21, 1908: 3.
36 "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MJ4P-YM6), Orpha Cooperman in household of Morris Cooperman, Galesburg Ward 6, Knox, Illinois, United States; citing ED 172, sheet 12A, line 20, family 400, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 380; FHL microfilm 1,820,380.
37 "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MJ4P-YMD), Morris Cooperman, Galesburg Ward 6, Knox, Illinois, United States; citing ED 172, sheet 12A, line 19, family 400, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 380; FHL microfilm 1,820,380.
38 "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MJ4P-YMX), Edna Cooperman in household of Morris Cooperman, Galesburg Ward 6, Knox, Illinois, United States; citing ED 172, sheet 12A, line 21, family 400, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 380; FHL microfilm 1,820,380; "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MJ4P-YMF), Harold Cooperman in household of Morris Cooperman, Galesburg Ward 6, Knox, Illinois, United States; citing ED 172, sheet 12A, line 22, family 400, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 380; FHL microfilm 1,820,380.
39 “Society,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) November 10, 1912: 6.
40 “Society,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) November 10, 1912: 6.
41 “Born,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) November 6, 1913: 5; “Necrology,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) January 1, 1915: 14; “Leonard Cooperman,” Hebrew Cemetery (Leadville, Colorado) http://www.jewishleadville.org/tombstonedetails.php?PersonID=1025.
42 “‘Honeymoon Special’ Arrives,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) July 28, 1914: 5.
43 “Divorce Granted,” Carbonate Chronicle (Leadville, CO) October 27, 1913: 2.
44 “Notice to the Public,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) November 5, 1913: 8.
45 “Leadville’s New Store,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) December 14, 1913: 5; John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Thirty-Third Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1914): pp. 100.
46 "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MJ4P-YMN), Lewis Cooperman in household of Morris Cooperman, Galesburg Ward 6, Knox, Illinois, United States; citing ED 172, sheet 12A, line 23, family 400, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 380; FHL microfilm 1,820,380; "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MJ4P-YMJ), Louise Cooperman in household of Morris Cooperman, Galesburg Ward 6, Knox, Illinois, United States; citing ED 172, sheet 12A, line 24, family 400, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 380; FHL microfilm 1,820,380; "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MHFN-88J), Elizabeth F Cooperman in household of David Cooperman, Seattle, King, Washington, United States; citing ED 324, sheet 2B, line 99, family 52, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1931; FHL microfilm 1,821,931; "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MX2B-SG8), David S Cooperman in household of Fanny Cooperman, Leadville Ward 3, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing ED 74, sheet 2A, line 14, family 39, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 165; FHL microfilm 1,820,165.
47 John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Thirty-Fourth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1915): pp. 99; John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Thirty-Fifth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1916): pp. 100.
48 “Fire on Roof,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) July 12, 1915: 5.
49 “Filed for Record,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) October 20, 1915: 5.
50 “Personal Mention,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) August 14, 1917: 3; John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Thirty-Fifth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1916): pp. 100. 1915 was the last year the city directory listed David as being in Leadville.
51 “Roll of Honor,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) June 11, 1917: 6; “Draft Mill is Grinding,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) August 23, 1917: 1.
52 “Around the City,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) August 8, 1918: 5.
53 “Around the City,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) December 30, 1917: 5; “Society,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) January 6, 1918: 2; “Personal Mention,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) January 12, 1919: 2.
54 John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Thirty-Sixth Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1917): pp. 99; John H. Ballenger and William H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards’ Thirty-Seventh Annual Leadville City Directory Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville: Ballenger and Richards, Publishers, 1918): pp. 61, 106; "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MX2B-SG4), Fanny Cooperman, Leadville Ward 3, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing ED 74, sheet 2A, line 10, family 39, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 165; FHL microfilm 1,820,165.
55 “Around the City,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) August 22, 1918: 5.
56 "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MHFN-88F), David Cooperman, Seattle, King, Washington, United States; citing ED 324, sheet 2B, line 97, family 52, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1931; FHL microfilm 1,821,931.
57 "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MX2B-SGH), Samuel Cooperman in household of Fanny Cooperman, Leadville Ward 3, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing ED 74, sheet 2A, line 11, family 39, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 165; FHL microfilm 1,820,165.
58 “Local Chronology, 1919,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) January 1, 1920: 5.
59 “Around the City,” The Herald Democrat (Leadville, CO) June 15, 1920: 5.
60 Kenneth Wilson, “Cooperman Biography,” jewishleadville.org. Biography no longer exists; replaced by the current one.
61 "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K933-Q5N), David Cooperman, Tract E-2, Seattle, Seattle Election Precinct, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 40-87, sheet 7A, line 38, family 155, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 4376; "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K938-ZJ4), Leonard Cooparman, Tract N-2, Seattle, Seattle Election Precinct, King, Washington, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 40-244B, sheet 1A, line 1, family 1, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 4381.
62 "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VR6K-DQ1), Nettie L Wilson in household of Walter N Wilson, Ward 2, Grand Junction, Election Precinct 11, Mesa, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 39-18, sheet 2B, line 73, family 51, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 470.
63 Kenneth Wilson, “Cooperman Biography,” jewishleadville.org. Biography no longer exists; replaced by the current one.

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