Biography
Morris
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Samuel L. Morris
Born: France, 1830.
Died:

Gustine (Christine) Morris
Born: Sweden, 1840.
Died:

Rachel Morris
Born: Wyoming, 1877.
Died:

Benjamin Morris
Born: Leadville, August, 1881.
Died: Leadville, December 12, 1885.

Samuel Morris was born in France in 1830 [1] and came to Leadville in 1879 where he initially worked as a bookkeeper for the dry goods firm of Owen & Chittendon located at 317-19 Harrison Avenue. [2] Sam was a successful tailor with multiple store locations in Colorado mining country, and also owned a considerable number of mining properties. A newspaper article recalling Samuel’s testimony from a court case in 1890 noted that he spoke with a rather thick French accent. [3] Samuel’s wife, Gustine, appears to have Americanized her name after immigrating to the United States from Sweden. [4] She does appear in records under both Gustine and Christine, although Gustine appears more often in legal contexts. She remained in Leadville until 1904. [5] Rachel Morris was born in Wyoming in 1877, then grew up in Leadville, and appears to have moved on sometime in 1902. [6] Benjamin Morris was born in Leadville during 1881, but sadly passed in December of 1885. [7]

Even though he was clearly of French origin, Samuel was mentioned in an article about Germans in Leadville society on November 29, 1879:

The German

Leadville society has received its final touch and can now rank among any in the country, for it has a German. The first ever given in the city was last evening in the dining room of the Clarendon. It was a most select affair and the participants selected from the ‘crème de la crème.’ To some, the figures were new, but the majority were well posted and but a few hitches occurred in the numerous figures. It is generally understood that the German is to take the lead in Leadville society this winter. Last evening there were present Mr. S. L. Morris, Mr. George Chaplain, Mr. J.T. Shumate, Mr. W.A.C. Camplin, Mr. LeGrand Betts, Mr. H.O. Dodge, Mr. Hildreth, Professor Sherwood, Mr. Colby, Mr. Jeffray, Mr. Bradley. Judge W. S. Ballou; Miss Lucas, Miss Loulie O’Brien, Miss Carrie Betts, Mis Kringen, Miss Gruber, Miss Shanstrom, Mrs. S. L. (Christine) Morris. Mrs. Hale and Mrs. George Chaplain. [8]

Although it appears that Samuel [9] was well-liked among his friends, there are no references to his ever attending a Temple Israel social function or service and he does not seem to have circulated much within the Jewish community while in Leadville. Samuel was frequently reported as a party to proceedings in the Leadville and Lake County courts, likely as often as a complainant as he was a defendant. Sam remained with Owen & Chittendon through most of 1880 [10] before establishing his own residence at 114 East 5th Street and his own storefront at 116 ½ East 2nd Street in the latter part of that year. [11]

1880 advertisement for Samuel Morris’ Shop.

1880 advertisement for Samuel Morris’ Shop.

“S. Morris.” (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. November 28, 1880). Page 3.

Sam’s mining investments appear to have been relatively successful. In 1881, Samuel [12] and his partners in the Eldorado Claim had hired a group of miners under the direction of Frank Hunter to work this property and had informed Hunter of an adjoining claim the partners owned that was prospected to have substantial value. Hunter used the funding and manpower for the Eldorado claim to work the adjoining property in a secret attempt to subvert the work-plan and keep the findings for themselves. On February 16, Sam discovered the side project, had the workers removed at gunpoint, then had Hunter arrested for claim-jumping. [13] On April 3, Samuel purchased one-fourth of the Empire Lode from R. Morrison for $500. [14] On July 30, Samuel brought ore samples to the assayer from his properties at Half Moon Gulch, which were shown to be rich in gold, silver, and copper bearing quartz. [15] Benjamin Morris was born sometime during the month of August, 1881, but the precise date is not clear. [16] Samuel had operated a second store in nearby Kokomo, Colorado. The entire town burned down in a fire that ignited from a lamp malfunction in the Summit House. Sam’s shop was a total loss. [17] Curiously, very few Kokomo businesses were insured for fire, but S.L. Morris & Co. was and Sam was paid in full for the damages a week later. [18]

In 1882, Mamie Walker, Rachel Morris, and Annie Morris (no relation) performed a dialog entitled “Perseverance Does It”, on the last day of school before summer vacation on May 13. [19] Samuel was partnered with Alvis Bohn in three mines; the Silver Wave, Taylor Boy, and the Mallet. Samuel made improvements on these properties in 1882 and Bohn did not reimburse him for expenses. In October, Samuel began to post Notices of Forfeiture about these claims demanding repayment by December 31, or for Bohn to surrender his shares. [20] Other claims Sam purchased interests in during 1882 were the Bijou, Juliana, and Central lodes. [21]

An interesting article appeared in a February 1882 edition of the Herald Democrat newspaper, that may provide insight into some more intimate details of the relationship between Samuel and his wife:

An Abusive Husband

Yesterday afternoon Gustine Morris cause to be issued a warrant, for the arrest of her husband, Samuel Morris, on a charge of breach and disturbance of the peace by using foul and abusive language to said affiant. It seems that for the past two years Morris has been in the habit of abusing his wife by calling her vile names and yesterday afternoon he threatened her with starvation, stating that he would not furnish her any more “grub” for the house. When the poor woman swore out the warrant in Justice Curran’s office she was completely overcome by her feelings and dreaded to take the step that seemed inevitable, but she finally mustered courage to protect herself from further abuse. The case will be called for trial this morning at the city jail, as the wrong is done is in violation of one of the city ordinances. [22]

On May 23, Samuel was arraigned in court on a charge of assault and battery against Christine Lengsteinne. [23] Though the particulars of this case are unclear.

In 1883, Sam and Gustine moved their residence to 406 North Poplar and the tailor shop to 206 East 6th Street. [24] The shop would move again in 1884 to 710 Harrison Avenue [25] in Leadville’s central business district. The Morris family remained at these locations until 1886. [26] On May 16, 1884, Sam sold one-third interests in the Solid Truck and Phoenix lodes for consideration of $200.00 [27] and on June 25, Sam sold a one-eighth share of the Little Rachel lode to Samuel Houston for the consideration of $275.00. [28] On October 16, 1885, Gustine attended a luncheon in honor of Mrs. Galloway at the home of Mrs. and Dr. Burdick. [29] On December 12, 1885, four and a half-year-old Benjamin Morris died of unknown causes. [30]

Sam moved his shop again in 1886, this time to 222 East 6th Street. [31] The newspapers noted that Samuel also had a home and another storefront in Aspen and interests in some active mining claims in both areas. [32] Rachel attended the Ninth Street School in Leadville. [33] Samuel found himself once again in court, this time as the result of a neighborhood dispute with Etta Wilson in a case of disturbing the public peace:

Police Court.

Etta Wilson was up before Judge Rose yesterday on the charge of a breach of the peace, S. Morris being the complaining witness. Morris was also arrested at the instance of the woman on the same charge. The parties to the case all reside on Poplar Street, and the suits of yesterday were the result of running flight that has been in progress for some time, the woman being find (fined) $20 about a month ago, in the same court. From the testimony it appeared that Etta Wilson had been invited to dine with Annie Wilson. They washed down the supper with a bottle of beer, and finally commenced to sing “An Irishman’s Toast.” A great howl was raised in the neighborhood, but why could not be determined by the evidence introduced. Judge Rose discharged the whole party, with the admonition to do better in the future, and bear with one another where is was possible. [34]

It is possible that Sam’s relationship with his neighbors facilitated moving the family to his shop address at 222 East 6th Street in 1887. [35] Samuel and Gustine attended a card party given by Will Sayer and his wife at their home in Aspen on November 26. [36] Gustine attended a going away luncheon for Mrs. Dr. Burdick at the home of Mrs. H.E. Gill in Aspen. [37]

Rachel’s friends threw her a surprise party for her twelfth birthday at her parent’s home on March 8, 1889. [38] Samuel was ordered to pay a fine of $5 for violating a city garbage ordinance that required residents to keep their backyards clean. [39] On October 25, Samuel was a participant in the first of several altercations that occurred between him and his landlady, Mrs. Crocker:

Old Man Morris, of East Sixth Street had Mrs. Crocker, his landlady, arrested Thursday, charging her with committing a breach of the peace. According to the testimony that was heard in this court Friday morning, seemingly there is severe trouble between Mrs. Crocker and her husband, as to who owns the premises and on the day in question Mrs. Crocker was passing through the hallway, where Morris rents his rooms, carrying a hatchet in her hand for the purpose of opening a door which she thought was locked and the key mislaid. Morris seeing her approach told her to go back, but Mrs. Crocker advanced and the old man came down town and swore out a warrant for her arrest. The police magistrate dismissed them both. [40]

On November 13, 1889, Samuel appealed a case in which Mrs. Crocker had filed suit. The appeal was heard and the suit dismissed, but the specific details of the complaint are unknown. [41]

In 1890, the Morris family moved their home once more to 410 East 6th, [42] though the shop remained in the tenancy of the Crockers at the same location. A notice appeared in the March 9 edition of the Herald Democrat that explained that Sam had transferred the property at Lot 17, Block H, of the Stevens & Leiter sub-division to an Emma L. Morris for the consideration of $500. [43] There is no indication if Emma was directly related to Samuel. Rachel attended Leadville’s Ninth Street School. [44]

On October 10, 1890, Samuel became a party to the divorce between John and Mary Crocker. [45] The couple quarreled with some regularity, at times in Samuel’s shop. Morris was called to testify regarding an incident in which Mary Crocker attempted to scald her husband with a pot of boiling water. [46] An earlier article identified that the allegations were of questionable integrity and that during this particular incident her goal was to harass the tenants in units located below her own and not an attempt to harm John Crocker:

S. Morris, a tailor on East Sixth street had a warrant issued last night for the arrest of a Mrs. Crocker, living at 222 East Sixth. It was alleged that she threw a quantity of water on some people who roomed just below her and refused to stop when requested. At the city jail she furnished bail and went back to the house, where she continued her former practice, threatening, also, to kill everyone in the building.

Officer Telfer was summoned, and going to Mrs. Crocker’s room requested admittance. It was refused, the woman barring the door. Officer Telfer burst it open and found that she had fled to an adjoining room, where the door was also barred. The policeman broke this door in also and took hold of the woman, who began calling him interesting names.

“I will not go with you, “ remarked Mrs. Crocker, with blood in her eye.

“I think you will,” said the officer.

An interesting struggle ensued and the “nippers” were called into play, Mrs. Crocker being taken to the jail only after a severe fight. She refused to put on a dress, shoes or stockings, and the garb in which she presented herself at the bastille was anything but imposing.

Neighbors said there was perfect pandemonium in the vicinity when Mrs. Crocker turned herself loose and that life was really the hollowest sort of mockery. The woman will be brought before Judge Long this morning, charged with breach of the peace. [47]

Mrs. Crocker’s defense was that the arresting officer would not allow her to dress, and instead brutally barged into her home and dragged her off to the jail. This was refuted by as many as seven witnesses who testified on Telfer’s behalf that he pleaded with her for nearly half an hour to dress and leave quietly. [48]

The legal battles between Mrs. Crocker and Samuel did not end quickly. Samuel was ordered to pay Mrs. Crocker $30 by May 6, 1890, a decision that he appealed and that was upheld. It is unclear whether this stemmed from the December, 1889, episode or was another matter entirely. [49] On May 6, Rachel was an attendee of a surprise birthday party thrown for Shell Harding at the home of his parents. [50] Rachel performed a recitation on the state of Georgia in a performance of Columbia’s Daughters at the Ninth Street School on December 19th. [51]

In 1892 the Morris shop and residence were moved to 1010 North Poplar. [52] Rachel continued to attend the Ninth Street School [53] and was a guest at a surprise birthday party given in honor of Freddie Volkert at his parents’ home on March 25. [54]

On May 5, Samuel was found wandering the railroad tracks near New Castle, Colorado, a considerable distance from Leadville and noted to be in a “deranged condition” by a Garfield County deputy sheriff. It was also noted that his condition was of a “milder” form and that he would be returned to his home in Leadville for “safe keeping”. [55]

On July 1, Samuel was found to be insane by a Leadville jury, which stemmed from additional allegations made by Gustine: [56]

Samuel Morris, who was at one time a prosperous tailor in this city, was tried in the county court yesterday before Judge Hall, and a jury composed of the following citizens: Messrs. J.W. Corser, T.J. O’Leary, M.J. Murphy, Henry Bolton, Patrick Shovlin, and Joseph Pierce.

From the evidence produced it was clear to the jury that Morris had lost his mind, and the unfortunate man will be sent to a state institution for safe keeping. [57]

Rachel made the honor roll at the Ninth Street School in May [58] and gave a recitation of “The Soldiers” for the Meletarian Society [59] at the Ninth Street School on October 20. [60] These are the last mentions of the Morris family in Leadville and it is unclear if Samuel was ever reunited with his wife and daughter though he did pass sometime between his commitment in 1892 and the 1900 United States Census where the enumerator recorded Christine’s marital status as “widowed”. [61] Christine remained in the family home at 1010 Poplar until 1904 [62] and, save for mentions of Rachel in school honor rolls [63] and a “Talley Ho” party that Rachel attended with future husband, Fred Schuler, at Twin Lakes on August 9, 1900, there are no other records for these ladies during their remaining time in Leadville. [64] Rachel married Fred Schuler sometime between 1902 and 1910. Fred and Rachel Schuler, along with a seven-year-old daughter, Gertrude, and Christine are all recorded living together in the 1910 United States Census at Glenwood Springs, Colorado. [65]

1 Colorado State Census, 1885. database with images, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K8WN-D62 : 1 April 2016), Saml Morris, 1885; citing NARA microfilm publication M158 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 498,507.
2 WM Clark, WA Root And HC Anderson. Clark, Root and Co’s First Annual City Directory of Leadville and Business Directory of Carbonateville, Kokomo and Malta for 1879. (Denver, CO: Daily Times Steam Printing House And Book Manufactory.1879). P112.
3 Mrs. Crocker’s Woes. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. October 10, 1890). P8.
4 Colorado State Census, 1885. (Saml Morris, 1885; citing NARA microfilm publication M158; FHL microfilm 498,507).
5 JH Ballenger and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twenty-Fifth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1904. (Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1904). P234.
6 JH Ballenger and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twenty-Fourth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1903. (Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1903). P234.
7 Walley & Nelson. Morris, Benjamin. (Leadville, CO: Lake County Public Library: Walley-Nelson Funeral Record Book No. 1.) P20.
8 The German. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Weekly Herald. November 29, 1879). P4.
9 "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MFDJ-CJ9 : 19 August 2017), Samuel Morse, 1880; citing enumeration district ED 78, sheet 373B, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d), roll 0091; FHL microfilm 1,254,091.
10 TB Corbett, WC Hoye and JH Ballenger. Corbet, Hoye and Co’s First Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City Of Leadville for 1880. (Leadville, CO: Democrat Printing Company. 1880). P286.
11 Corbett, Hoye and Ballenger. Leadville, CO. 1880. P269.
12 TB Corbett and JH Ballenger. Corbet, and Ballenger’s Second Annual City Directory: Containing A Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City Of Leadville for 1881. (Leadville, CO: Corbet and Ballenger Publishers.1881). P221.
13 Mr. Hunter Jumps A Claim, And Will Appear Before Judge Kelley To-day. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Democrat. February 17, 1881). P8.
14 Mining Transfers Of Summit County. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. April 3, 1881). P4.
15 Half Moon Gulch. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Weekly Democrat. July 30, 1881). P5.
16 Walley & Nelson. Leadville, CO. Bk1. P20.
17 In Ashes. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Weekly Democrat. October 15, 1881). P1.
18 The First Payment. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. October 21, 1881). P4.
19 The Schools Close. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. May 14, 1892). P5.
20 Notice of Forfeiture. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. October 20, 1882). P3.
21 Land Office. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. June 20, 1882). P4.
22 An Abusive Husband. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. February 28, 1882). P4.
23 The Conglomeration. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. May 23, 1882). P1.
24 TB Corbett and JH Ballenger. Corbet, and Ballenger’s Fourth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms Etc. in The City Of Leadville for 1883. (Denver, CO: Corbet and Ballenger Publishers.1883). P204.
25 TB Corbett and JH Ballenger. Corbet, and Ballenger’s Fifth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City Of Leadville For 1884. (Leadville, CO: Corbet and Ballenger Publishers. 1884). P187.
26 TB Corbett and JH Ballenger. Corbet, and Ballenger’s Sixth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City Of Leadville For 1885. (Leadville, CO: Corbet and Ballenger Publishers.1885). P184.
27 Deeds Filed. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. May 17, 1884). P2.
28 Deeds Filed. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. June 26, 1884). P4.
29 A Pleasant Affair. (Leadville, CO: Carbonate Chronicle. October 17, 1885). P7.
30 Walley & Nelson. Leadville, CO. Bk1. P20.
31 TB Corbett and JH Ballenger. Corbet, and Ballenger’s Seventh Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City Of Leadville For 1886. (Leadville, CO: Corbet and Ballenger Publishers). 1886. P293.
32 Notes From Our Neighbors. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. August 21, 1886). P2.
33 The Roster For October. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. December 5, 1886). P2.
34 Police Court. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. November 23, 1886). P4.
35 TB Corbett and JH Ballenger. Corbet, and Ballenger’s Sixth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List Of The Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City Of Leadville For 1887. (Leadville, CO: Corbet and Ballenger Publishers. 1887). P198.
36 Aspen News. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. November 27, 1887). P1.
37 Aspen News. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. December 3, 1887). P1.
38 A Surprise Party. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Evening Chronicle. March 9, 1889). P4.
39 Captured At The Springs. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. July 26, 1889). P4.
40 Police Court. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Evening Chronicle. October 25, 1889). P4.
41 County Court. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. November 14, 1889). P4.
42 JH Ballenger and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Eleventh Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1890. (Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1890). P191.
43 With The Recorder. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. March 9, 1890). P3.
44 Ninth Street School. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. November 23, 1890). P3.
45 Historical Research Cooperative, The. Divorces: Lake County, Colorado 1879-1938. (Leadville, CO: Lake County Public Library. 1988). P12.
46 Mrs. Crocker’s Woes. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. October 10, 1890). P8.
47 She Barred The Doors. (Leadville, CO: Carbonate Chronicle. December 16, 1889). P7.
48 Police Court. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. December 14, 1889). P3.
49 Court Calendar. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. May 3, 1890). P8.
50 Surprise Party. (Leadville, CO: Carbonate Chronicle. May 6, 1889). P8.
51 Doings At The Schools. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Evening Chronicle). May 10, 1891. P4.
52 JH Ballenger and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Thirteenth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1892. (Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1892). P196.
53 Schools Of The City. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. April 15, 1892). P2.
54 Some Social Matters. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. March 27, 1892). P5.
55 “He Is Crazy”. (Glenwood Springs, CO: Avalanche Echo. May 6, 1892). P4.
56 Said To Be Insane. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. July 1, 1882). P5.
57 He Is Insane. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. July 2, 1892). P3.
58 City Schools. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. May 5, 1893). P6.
59 “Meletarian” may be derived from “meliorate”, which is from the Latin word meaning to better or to improve. Leadville’s Central School developed the Hoover Meletarian Society, likely around 1888, this was a literary group comprised of students from “lower grades” that held holiday programs during the Thanksgiving and Christmas holidays at the school from 1888 to 1895. See: Meletarian Melange. (Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Evening Chronicle. September 26, 1891). P3.
60 The Schools. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. October 21, 1893). P2.
61 Year: 1900; Census Place: Leadville, Lake, Colorado; Page: 23; Enumeration District: 0049; FHL microfilm: 1240125
62 JH Ballenger and Richards. Ballenger & Richard’s Twenty-Fifth Annual City Directory: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms etc. in The City of Leadville for 1904. (Leadville, CO: Ballenger and Richards Publishers.1904). P234.
63 Leadville Public Schools Roll Of Honor For January. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. (February 11, 1900). P5.
64 Society. (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. August 12, 1900). P10.
65 Year: 1910; Census Place: Canon Creek, Garfield, Colorado; Roll: T624_120; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 0043; FHL microfilm: 1374133

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Land Office. Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. June 20, 1882.

Leadville Public Schools Roll Of Honor For January. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. February 11, 1900.

Location of Mining Claim Notice. Westcliffe, Custer County, CO: Wet Mountain Tribune. September 5, 1908. P1.

Meletarian Melange. Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Evening Chronicle. September 26, 1891.

Mining Transfers Of Summit County. Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. April 3, 1881.

Mr. Hunter Jumps A Claim, And Will Appear Before Judge Kelley To-day. Leadville, CO: Leadville Democrat. February 17, 1881.

Mrs. Crocker’s Woes. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. October 10, 1890.

Notes From Our Neighbors. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. August 21, 1886.

Notice of Forfeiture. Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. October 20, 1882.

Our Seats Of Learning. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. March 1, 1891.

Police Court. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. November 23, 1886.

Police Court. Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Evening Chronicle. October 25, 1889.

Police Court. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. December 14, 1889.

S. Morris. Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. November 28, 1880.

Said To Be Insane. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. July 1, 1882.

Schools Of The City. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. April 15, 1892.

She Barred The Doors. Leadville, CO: Carbonate Chronicle. December 16, 1889.

Sherman Morris Acquitted Of St. Paul Train Robbery. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. January 4, 1990.

Society. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. August 12, 1900.

Some Social Matters. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. March 27, 1892.

Surprise Party. Leadville, CO: Carbonate Chronicle. May 6, 1889.

The Conglomeration. Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. May 23, 1882.

The First Payment. Leadville, CO: Leadville Daily Herald. October 21, 1881.

The German. Leadville, CO: Leadville Weekly Herald. November 29, 1879.

The Roster For October. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. December 5, 1886.

The Schools. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. October 21, 1893.

The Schools Close. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. May 14, 1892.

United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910. (NARA microfilm publication T624, 1,178 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900.

United States Census, 1880. database with images, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MFDJ-CJ9 : 19 August 2017), Samuel Morse, 1880; citing enumeration district ED 78, sheet 373B, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d), roll 0091; FHL microfilm 1,254,091.

Walley & Nelson. Morris, Benjamin. Leadville, CO: Lake County Public Library: Walley-Nelson Funeral Record Book No. 1.

With The Recorder. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. March 9, 1890.

Temple Israel Foundation
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