Biography
Phillips
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Michael (“Mike”) David Phillips
Occupation: Clothing store clerk, manager
Born: March 2, 1884
Birthplace: Hungary/Czechoslovakia
Died: February 13, 1934

Bertha Farkus (“Wolf”) Phillips
Occupation: N/A
Born: August 31, 1882
Birthplace: Hungary/Romania
Died: February 25, 1952

Dorothy Phillips
Occupation: N/A
Born: July 26, 1909
Birthplace: Colorado
Died: August 31, 1915

Harry David Phillips
Occupation: N/A
Born: 1911
Birthplace: Hungary/Romania
Died: November 16, 1960

Ilona Phillips Nelson
Occupation: N/A
Born: Est. 1914
Birthplace: Colorado
Died: N/A

Ernest Phillips
Occupation: N/A
Born: est. 1916
Birthplace: Colorado
Died: N/A

Erma Phillips Oppenheim
Occupation: N/A
Born: September 5, 1917
Birthplace: Leadville, Colorado
Died: March 11, 2008

Elizabeth Phillips
Occupation: N/A
Born: Est. 1920-1921
Birthplace: N/A
Died: N/A

Michael (“Mike”) Phillips was born in Hungary/Czechoslovakia on March 2, 1884 to Lebi Phillips and an unnamed mother. [1] The variation in birthplace comes from his differing answers in censuses and other vital records prior to and after World War I. [2] It is possible that he was born in modern-day Slovakia based on his responses. However, another possibility is that his birthplace was still located in Hungary after the war but he referred to himself as Czechoslovakian to avoid any residual resentment towards Hungarians.

Michael was one of the few Leadville Jews who quickly made his way to the city upon his immigration to the United States. Though we do not know his reason for selecting Leadville as his destination, such actions were common for young Jews who had a relative in the city and were seeking apprenticeship under them. Whether Michael had a relative in Leadville or not is yet unclear. Nevertheless, Michael arrived in the United States between 1899 [3] and 1901 [4], travelled to Leadville between the ages of fourteen and seventeen, and lived in the city intermittently for over 30 years.

Between 1899 and 1902, Michael did not appear in Leadville’s city directories nor did the 1900 US Census record him. He first emerges in the 1903 city directory working at the Arkansas Valley Smelter, [5] a position he held until 1906. [6] He briefly worked as a fireman for the American Zinc Extraction Company [7] but left the mining industry by 1908 to work at Hyman Isaacs’ [8] clothing store. [9] Michael remained employed by Hyman Isaacs for much of his Leadville residency.

Michael soon after met and married Bertha Farkus, born in Hungary/Romania on August 31, 1882. [10] Like Michael, Bertha’s exact birthplace is unclear. Though the exact date of their marriage is not known, their first child, Dorothy, was born on July 26, 1909 in Colorado. [11] The family temporarily left Leadville and the United States for an extended period sometime in the latter half of 1909 or the first half of 1910. Neither Michael nor Bertha are listed in Leadville’s city directories between 1910 and 1913 nor are they mentioned in local newspapers between 1908 and 1917. Further, no one sufficiently matching their vital information can be found in the 1910 US census. What is clear, however, is that Michael and Bertha traveled to Hungary or Romania at some point after their daughter’s birth where they remained at least until 1911 when their second child, Harry, was born. [12]

The Phillips family returned to Leadville by in 1913 or 1914, temporarily settling at 128 West 3rd Street [13] where Michael and Bertha welcomed their second child, Ilona. [14] The family’s residence changed twice more, to 219 Harrison Avenue in 1915 and finally to 213 West 3rd Street in 1916 where they remained for at least three years. [15] Michael resumed work under Hyman Isaacs upon his return to the city, returning to his clerk position at the clothing store. [16]

Joy and tragedy came to the Phillips family between 1915 and 1917. Michael and Bertha had two more children during those years: Ernest in 1916 [17] and Erma on September 5, 1917. [18] Sadly, the Phillips’ first child, Dorothy, passed away on August 31, 1915. [19] She is currently buried at Mount Nebo Memorial Park in Aurora, Colorado; however, considering the family was living in Leadville at the time, she may have originally been buried at Leadville’s Hebrew Cemetery. [20] Though the cause of her death is not clear, it is possible tuberculosis had a part to play. Leadville’s Herald Democrat reported that Dorothy’s mother, Bertha, was among the “Leadville colony” convalescing at the Glenwood Spring sanitarium in December 1916, the same sanitarium where Doc Holliday passed away from the disease 30 years prior. [20]

Passport photograph of the Phillips family taken in 1922. From top left to bottom right: Ilona, Ernest, Harry, Bertha, Elizabeth, Erma, Michael.

Passport photograph of the Phillips family taken in 1922. From top left to bottom right: Ilona, Ernest, Harry, Bertha, Elizabeth, Erma, Michael.

U.S., Passport Applications, 1795-1925, database with images, Ancestry (https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=1174&h=409373&tid=&pid=&queryId=3ac714a0c2da9db741e623464bb0873d&usePUB=true&_phsrc=RNi722&_phstart=successSource: accessed May 15, 2021), Michael Phillips and family, Denver, Colorado; citing Selected Passports (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), microfilm roll: 2049.

The years following the Phillips family’s return to Leadville became the most prolific for them, both in a professional and social sense. The Herald Democrat began reporting on Michael’s activities of interest starting in 1917, the first of which involved county officials calling on him to be an interpreter of the “languages of southern Europe” in connection to the arrest of “two foreign men” who required translations to understand the law. [22] Later that year the Lake County court appointed him as administrator for the estate of the late Tom Liamis who died after being hit by the D. and R. G. train. [23] By 1919, Michael became involved in relief organizations off the heels of World War I, first as a committee member for the Local Campaign for Jewish Relief Fund which sought to provide food for Jews facing starvation in Europe and the Levant, [24] and second as a nominee for membership in the Leadville chapter of the American Red Cross. [25]

Though publication of Leadville’s city directories ceased after 1918, we can derive from the Herald Democrat that Michael remained in the employ of Hyman Isaacs for much of his remaining time in the city. As chief clerk in 1919, he was instrumental in evacuating residents prior to the collapse of the south wall of Smith Block after hearing the building creaking. [26] Michael’s responsibilities under Hyman Isaacs increased as years wore on as he traveled to Denver on a business trip lasting two months in 1921 [27] and in some capacity became manager of the “Hyman Isaacs company” by 1924. [28] The Phillips family possibly moved to Denver in 1920 to a residence at 2327 Vine Street, [29] yet the Herald Democrat in later years described his activities as if he still lived in Leadville. Michael and Bertha welcomed their final child, Elizabeth, born between 1920 and 1921 in either Leadville or Denver. The only sources which identify her are Michael and family’s 1922 passport application and photograph, shown above. She is not listed in the Phillips household in the 1930 US census, indicating that she possibly passed away at an early age.

Aftermath of the collapsed south wall of Smith Block on May 6, 1919.

Aftermath of the collapsed south wall of Smith Block on May 6, 1919.

Courtesy of University of Denver’s University Libraries Online Exhibits.

The date in the online exhibit and on the back of the photograph says 1907, however the collapse occurred in May 1919. Collapse of Isaac’s Hardware Store in Leadville, Colorado, 1919, photograph, 12 cm x 20 cm, University Libraries Online Exhibits, University of Denver, Denver, accessed May 15, 2021, https://exhibits.library.du.edu/librariespresents/items/show/3264.

Michael Phillips (left) and Louis Isaacs around 4th and Harrison, circa 1914.

Michael Phillips (left) and Louis Isaacs around 4th and Harrison, circa 1914.

Courtesy of University of Denver’s University Libraries Online Exhibits.

Manager and Louis Isaacs of Isaacs’ Hardware Store in Leadville, circa 1914, photograph, 8 cm x 5 cm, University Libraries Online Exhibits, University of Denver, Denver, accessed May 15, 2021, https://exhibits.library.du.edu/librariespresents/items/show/3265.

Michael’s relationship with the Isaacses was not exclusively professional. He and his family were personally close to the Isaacs family, including both Hyman and his son Louis. A photograph taken around 1914 on Harrison Avenue (shown below) in particular displays a genial attitude between Michael and Louis. The Phillipses and Isaacses obtained a familial connection when Bertha’s sister, Charlotte Wolf (having anglicized her family name Farkus to the English translation), married Louis in 1924. [30]

The Phillipses once again departed the United States for Europe in early 1924, but this time for the purpose of touring many of its devastated post-war countries. Upon their return seven months later, Michael relayed his experiences and observations to the Herald Democrat. [31] He found Ireland the most agreeable and untouched by war in contrast to France which he described as the “about the most discontented and worse off nation in Europe.” He additionally discussed the economic fortunes and misfortunes of Romania, Germany, Hungary, Austria, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Holland, including any political or social unrest he witnessed, especially as it pertained to the rise of socialism.

Information on the Phillipses lives after 1924 is lacking. There were no further mentions of them in local or state newspapers; however, they do appear as residents of Leadville in the 1930 US census. [32] What little information is available on the family largely relates to three of the Phillips children, Harry, Erma, and Ilona. In The Centennial History of the Jews of Colorado, 1859-1959, author Allen Breck relays information he gleaned from Harry, though he does not explain whether he obtained it through an interview, discussion, manuscripts, or by some other means. Breck shares that Harry became an owner of a “Bookery” in Denver and that Harry described his father travelling through the surrounding counties in a car during an undefined time period to gather a Minyan so services could be held in Leadville. [33] The youngest of the Phillips children, Erma, married William Oppenheim in Cuyahoga, Ohio, on August 13, 1938. [34] She and her family later moved to California where she remained for the rest of her life. [35] Regarding Ilona, the back of the photograph showing Michael and Louis Isaacs describes Michael as the father of “Ilena Nelson.” According to Social Security death indexes, Ilona made her way to California like her sister. [36]

Much of the Phillips family is buried at Mount Nebo Memorial Park in Aurora, Colorado. Michael died on February 13, 1934, [37] Bertha died on February 25, 1952, [38] and Harry died on November 16, 1960. [39] As previously noted, Dorothy is also buried at the cemetery. Though Erma’s grave is not currently listed on the website Find a Grave, her husband is currently interred at Sholom Memorial Park in San Fernando, California. [40] Ilona passed away on October 2, 2005, per the Social Security death index. The location of her grave is also, unfortunately, not available on Find a Grave. The whereabouts of Elizabeth after 1922 and Ernest after 1930 are not currently known.

Erma Phillips Oppenheim and William Oppenheim with their children, circa 1953.

Erma Phillips Oppenheim and William Oppenheim with their children, circa 1953.

Photograph uploaded to Ancestry.com by Kathleen Scott. https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/83509763/person/36490379190/media/68b8d07a-1240-404a-8b75-4281896a6bb7

David Phillips
Occupation: N/A
Born: 1884
Birthplace: N/A
Died: February 24, 1889

Aside from David Phillips’ grave in Leadville’s Hebrew Cemetery, nothing is known about the child or his parents. [41] It is unlikely he was related to Michael Phillips.

1 U.S., Passport Applications, 1795-1925, database with images, Ancestry (https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=1174&h=409373&tid=&pid=&queryId=3ac714a0c2da9db741e623464bb0873d&usePUB=true&_phsrc=RNi722&_phstart=successSource: accessed May 15, 2021), Michael Phillips and family, Denver, Colorado; citing Selected Passports (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), microfilm roll: 2049.
2 The borders for many European countries changed dramatically after World War I. Czechoslovakia officially came into existence just prior to the end of the war after declaring independence from Austria-Hungary.
3 U.S., Passport Applications, 1795-1925, database with images, Ancestry (https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=1174&h=409373&tid=&pid=&queryId=3ac714a0c2da9db741e623464bb0873d&usePUB=true&_phsrc=RNi722&_phstart=successSource: accessed May 15, 2021), Michael Phillips and family, Denver, Colorado; citing Selected Passports (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), microfilm roll: 2049.
4 "United States Census, 1920,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MX21-WYM: May 15, 2021), Michael D. Philips, 1920, Leadville, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 72, sheet 4B, line 58, family 68, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 165; FHL microfilm 1,820,165.
5 J. H. Ballenger and W. H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards Twenty-Second Annual Leadville City Directory for 1903: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville, CO: Ballenger & Richards, Publishers, 1903), P258.
6 J. H. Ballenger and W. H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards Twenty-Fifth Annual Leadville City Directory for 1906: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville, CO: Ballenger & Richards, Publishers, 1906), P272.
7 J. H. Ballenger and W. H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards Twenty-Sixth Annual Leadville City Directory for 1907: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville, CO: Ballenger & Richards, Publishers, 1907), P276.
8 For more on the Isaacs family, see: Trevor Mark, Isaacs (Leadville, CO: Temple Israel Foundation), 2018: http://www.jewishleadville.org/isaacs.html.
9 J. H. Ballenger and W. H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards Twenty-Seventh Annual Leadville City Directory for 1908: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville, CO: Ballenger & Richards, Publishers, 1908), P233.
10 “United States Census, 1920,” Bertha Philips in the household of David D. Philips.
11 Find a Grave, database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/77252611/dorothy-phillips: accessed May 15, 2021), memorial page for Dorothy Phillips (July 26, 1909 – August 31, 1915), Find a Grave Memorial ID 77252611; citing Mount Nebo Memorial Park, Aurora, Arapahoe County, Colorado, USA, maintained by WalksWithAngels (contributor 47205696).
12 “United States Census, 1920,” Harry Philips in the household of David D. Philips.
13 J. H. Ballenger and W. H. Richards, Ballenger & Richards Thirty-Third Annual Leadville City Directory for 1914: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. (Leadville, CO: Will H. Richards, Publisher, 1914), P218.
14 “United States Census, 1920,” Ilona Philips in the household of David D. Philips.
15 Publication ceased on Leadville’s city directories after 1918.
16 Ballenger and Richards, 1914, P218.
17 “United States Census, 1920,”Ernest Philips in the household of David D. Philips.
18 Born (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat), September 8, 1917, P4.
19 Find a Grave, memorial for Dorothy Phillips.
20 Find a Grave, memorial for Dorothy Phillips.
21 Society (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat), December 3, 1916, P2.
22 Worst Slackers So Far Arrested (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat), June 17, 1917, P3.
23 Appointed Administrator (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat), August 6, 1917, P5.
24 Local Campaign for Jewish Relief Fund (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat), September 14, 1919, P4.
25 Red Cross Election Tonight (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat), October 22, 1919, P5.
26 Collapse of Building (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat), May 7, 1919, P1.
27 Personal Mention (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat), February 5, 1921, P3.
28 Around the City (Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat), November 30, 1924, P5.
29 Social News (Denver, CO: Denver Jewish News), August 4, 1920, P5.
30 Social News (Denver, CO: Denver Jewish News), October 12, 1921, P3.
31 Around the City, November 30, 1924, P5.
32 "United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X74C-XG7: accessed May 15, 2021), Michael D. Phillips, Leadville, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 4, sheet 3A, line 33, family 67, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 244; FHL microfilm 2,339,979.
33 Allen Breck, The Centennial History of the Jews of Colorado, 1859-1959 (Denver: The Hirschfeld Press, 1960), P137.
34 Cuyahoga County, Ohio, U.S., Marriage Records and Indexes, 1810 – 1973, database with images, Ancestry (https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=1876&h=2567098&ssrc=pt&tid=83509763&pid=36490379190&usePUB=true: accessed May 15, 2021), marriage between Erma Phillips and William Oppenheim, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio; citing Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Marriage Records, 1810 – 1973 (Cuyahoga, Ohio, n.d.), microfilm, vol. 184-185, P537.
35 U.S., Public Records Index, 1950-1993, Volume 1, database with images, Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/discoveryui-content/view/260038963:1788?ssrc=pt&tid=83509763&pid=36490379190: accessed May 15, 2021), public record index for Erma Oppenheim, California, USA; citing Voter Registration Lists, Public Record Filings, Historical Residential Records, and Other Household Database Listings (Washington D.C., n.d.).
36 U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014, database with images, Ancestry (https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=3693&h=76275037&tid=&pid=&queryId=71b02e87fae6c252158f1be37dc854f3&usePUB=true&_phsrc=RNi798&_phstart=successSource: accessed May 15, 2021), death index for Ilona Nelson, Iowa; citing Social Security Index, Master File (Washington D.C.: Social Security Administration, n.d.).
37 Find a Grave, database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/127422761/michael-d-phillips: accessed May 15, 2021), memorial page for Michael D Phillips (March 2, 1884 – February 13, 1934), Find a Grave Memorial ID 127422761; citing Mount Nebo Memorial Park, Aurora, Arapahoe County, Colorado, USA, maintained by WalksWithAngels (contributor 47205696).
38 Find a Grave, database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/107095765/bertha-w-phillips: accessed May 15, 2021), memorial page for Bertha W Phillips (August 31, 1882 – February 25, 1952), Find a Grave Memorial ID 107095765; citing Mount Nebo Memorial Park, Aurora, Arapahoe County, Colorado, USA, maintained by WalksWithAngels (contributor 47205696).
39 Find a Grave, database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/140114749/harry-david-phillips: accessed May 15, 2021), memorial page for Harry David Phillips (1911 – November 16, 1960), Find a Grave Memorial ID 140114749; citing Mount Nebo Memorial Park, Aurora, Arapahoe County, Colorado, USA, maintained by WalksWithAngels (contributor 47205696).
40 Find a Grave, database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/145907613/william-oppenheim: accessed May 15, 2021), memorial page for William Oppenheim (1914 – 1975), Find a Grave Memorial ID 145907613; citing Sholom Memorial Park, San Fernando, Los Angeles County, California, USA, maintained by Jax (contributor 48121323). 41 Leadville Hebrew Cemetery Database, Phillips, David (d:24-Feb-1889), Blk: B, Lt: 14, Grave: 7 (Leadville, CO: Temple Israel Foundation. 2016).

Bibliography

Appointed Administrator. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. August 6, 1917.

Around the City. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. November 30, 1924.

Ballenger, J. H. and W. H. Richards. Ballenger & Richards Twenty-Second Annual Leadville City Directory for 1903: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. Leadville, CO: Ballenger & Richards, Publishers, 1903.

Ballenger, J. H. and W. H. Richards. Ballenger & Richards Twenty-Fifth Annual Leadville City Directory for 1906: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. Leadville, CO: Ballenger & Richards, Publishers, 1906.

Ballenger, J. H. and W. H. Richards. Ballenger & Richards Twenty-Sixth Annual Leadville City Directory for 1907: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. Leadville, CO: Ballenger & Richards, Publishers, 1907.

Ballenger, J. H. and W. H. Richards. Ballenger & Richards Twenty-Seventh Annual Leadville City Directory for 1908: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. Leadville, CO: Ballenger & Richards, Publishers, 1908.

Ballenger, J. H. and W. H. Richards. Ballenger & Richards Thirty-Third Annual Leadville City Directory for 1914: Containing a Complete List of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Incorporated Companies, Manufacturing Establishments, Business, Business Firms, Etc. Leadville, CO: Will H. Richards, Publisher, 1914.

Born. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. September 8, 1917.

Breck, Allen. The Centennial History of the Jews of Colorado, 1859-1959. Denver: The Hirschfeld Press, 1960.

Collapse of Building. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. May 7, 1919.

Collapse of Isaac’s Hardware Store in Leadville, Colorado. 1919. Photograph. 12 cm x 20 cm. University Libraries Online Exhibits, University of Denver, Denver. Accessed May 15, 2021. https://exhibits.library.du.edu/librariespresents/items/show/3264.

Cuyahoga County, Ohio, U.S., Marriage Records and Indexes, 1810 – 1973. Database with images, Ancestry (https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=1876&h=2567098&ssrc=pt&tid=83509763&pid=36490379190&usePUB=true: accessed May 15, 2021). Marriage between Erma Phillips and William Oppenheim, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio; citing Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Marriage Records, 1810 – 1973. Cuyahoga, Ohio, n.d. Microfilm. Vol. 184-185.

Find a Grave. Database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/77252611/dorothy-phillips: accessed May 15, 2021). Memorial page for Dorothy Phillips (July 26, 1909 – August 31, 1915). Find a Grave Memorial ID 77252611; citing Mount Nebo Memorial Park, Aurora, Arapahoe County, Colorado, USA. Maintained by WalksWithAngels (contributor 47205696).

Find a Grave. Database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/145907613/william-oppenheim: accessed May 15, 2021). Memorial page for William Oppenheim (1914 – 1975). Find a Grave Memorial ID 145907613; citing Sholom Memorial Park, San Fernando, Los Angeles County, California, USA. Maintained by Jax (contributor 48121323).

Find a Grave. Database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/127422761/michael-d-phillips: accessed May 15, 2021). Memorial page for Michael D Phillips (March 2, 1884 – February 13, 1934). Find a Grave Memorial ID 127422761; citing Mount Nebo Memorial Park, Aurora, Arapahoe County, Colorado, USA. Maintained by WalksWithAngels (contributor 47205696).

Find a Grave. Database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/107095765/bertha-w-phillips: accessed May 15, 2021). Memorial page for Bertha W Phillips (August 31, 1882 – February 25, 1952). Find a Grave Memorial ID 107095765; citing Mount Nebo Memorial Park, Aurora, Arapahoe County, Colorado, USA. Maintained by WalksWithAngels (contributor 47205696).

Find a Grave. Database and images (www.findagrave.com/memorial/140114749/harry-david-phillips: accessed May 15, 2021). Memorial page for Harry David Phillips (1911 – November 16, 1960). Find a Grave Memorial ID 140114749; citing Mount Nebo Memorial Park, Aurora, Arapahoe County, Colorado, USA. Maintained by WalksWithAngels (contributor 47205696).

Leadville Hebrew Cemetery Database. Phillips, David (d:24-Feb-1889). Blk: B, Lt: 14, Grave: 7. Leadville, CO: Temple Israel Foundation. 2016.

Local Campaign for Jewish Relief Fund. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. September 14, 1919.

Manager and Louis Isaacs of Isaacs’ Hardware Store in Leadville. Circa 1914. Photograph. 8 cm x 5 cm. University Libraries Online Exhibits, University of Denver, Denver. Accessed April 30, 2021. https://exhibits.library.du.edu/librariespresents/items/show/3265.

Mark, Trevor. Isaacs. Leadville, CO: Temple Israel Foundation, 2018: http://www.jewishleadville.org/isaacs.html.

Personal Mention. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. February 5, 1921.

Red Cross Election Tonight. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. October 22, 1919.

Social News. Denver, CO: Denver Jewish News. August 4, 1920.

Social News. Denver, CO: Denver Jewish News. October 12, 1921.

Society. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. December 3, 1916.

"United States Census, 1920.” Database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MX21-WYM: May 15, 2021). Michael D. Philips, 1920, Leadville, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 72, sheet 4B, line 58, family 68, NARA microfilm publication T625. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Roll 165; FHL microfilm 1,820,165.

"United States Census, 1930." Database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X74C-XG7: accessed May 15, 2021). Michael D. Phillips, Leadville, Lake, Colorado, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 4, sheet 3A, line 33, family 67, NARA microfilm publication T626. Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002. Roll 244; FHL microfilm 2,339,979.

U.S., Passport Applications, 1795-1925. Database with images, Ancestry (https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=1174&h=409373&tid=&pid=&queryId=3ac714a0c2da9db741e623464bb0873d&usePUB=true&_phsrc=RNi722&_phstart=successSource: accessed May 15, 2021). Michael Phillips and family, Denver, Colorado; citing Selected Passports. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Microfilm roll: 2049.

U.S., Public Records Index, 1950-1993, Volume 1. Database with images, Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/discoveryui-content/view/260038963:1788?ssrc=pt&tid=83509763&pid=36490379190: accessed May 15, 2021). Public record index for Erma Oppenheim, California, USA; citing Voter Registration Lists, Public Record Filings, Historical Residential Records, and Other Household Database Listings. Washington D.C., n.d.

U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014. Database with images, Ancestry (https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=3693&h=76275037&tid=&pid=&queryId=71b02e87fae6c252158f1be37dc854f3&usePUB=true&_phsrc=RNi798&_phstart=successSource: accessed May 15, 2021). Death index for Ilona Nelson, Iowa; citing Social Security Index, Master File. Washington D.C.: Social Security Administration, n.d.

Worst Slackers So Far Arrested. Leadville, CO: Herald Democrat. June 17, 1917.

To cite any of the information in this biography, please use the following reference.

AUTHOR: Quinn Whittington
EDITOR: William Korn
SOURCE: Jewish Surnames/Phillips
PUBLISHED BY: Temple Israel Foundation. Leadville, CO; USA. 2021
STABLE URL: http://www.jewishleadville.org/phillips.html

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